Temple of Saturn
The temple of Saturn was erected by the consul Titus Larcius in 17 BC. It was used as the public treasury and as a repository for the decrees of the senate. Treasures were held in an underground chamber. The temple was enlarged in 42 BC and rebuilt after a fire in the 4th century AD. Eight columns remain of this temple. Inside the temple stood a statue of of Saturn, which would be carried in procession when triumphs were celebrated. The feast of the Saturnalia on December 17th was a part of the cult of Saturn and was started with a sacrifice at the Temple of Saturn.